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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 49-71

Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Study of Boerhaavia Chinensis (Linn.) Aschers. Roots

Boerhaavia chinensis (L.) Aschers. is a spreading perennial herb of Nyctaginaceae family. Plant stems are thick and branches are spread on the ground. Leaf stalks are velvety and 1-3 cm long in length . The flowers are tiny, pink, funnelshaped, 6-8 mm. The plant is found abundantly in the Khandesh region of Maharashtra, India. The plant has great status as a folk medicine and is being used by various tribes/communities like, Pawara, Kokani, Bhils, Mavach, and Vasave etc. Tribes are using various parts of plants as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antifibrinolytic, also in the treatment of Jaundice and as nutritional supplements. The plant has not been studied for its pharmacognostical and phytochemical evaluation. In the present study, pharmacognostical and phytochemical evaluations were carried out on roots of Boerhaavia chinensis. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical outcomes confirmed the presence of inorganic elements and importantly active phytochemicals beside this, other components are also present within limits. This plant can be used rationally in the treatment of jaundice and other diseases. It can also get place in modern medicine for treatment of various diseases.
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