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Review Article
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 49-71

Pharmacological, phytochemical, and traditional uses of Plumeria alba LINN. an Indian medicinal plant

Plumeria alba is small laticiferous tree or shrub is a native of tropical America, commonly known as White Champa Leaf and stem were evaluated for its phytoconstituents, which is used in several traditional medicines to cure various diseases. The plant is mainly grown for its ornamental and fragrant flowers, are also known for their medicinal importance. Leaves arrangement is lanceolate to oblanceolate with white flowers, fragrant in corymbose fascicles, and fruit is edible. Their medicinal properties are often due to their latex which is frequently drastic and corrosive. Latex is applied to ulcers, herpes, and scabies. Seeds possess hemostatic properties. Moreover, its bark is bruised and applied as plaster over hard tumors. Whereas the others finds use as purgative, cardiotonic, diuretic, and hypotensive. The medicinal value of this Plumeria species in the treatment of a large number of human ailments is mentioned in Ayurveda, Charaka Samhita, and Sushrita Samhita. For millennia, the Indian population has depended mainly on plant-based crude drugs for a variety of ailments. This alternative system of medicine is gaining increasing popularity worldwide.
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