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Year : 2014   |  Volume : 2   |  Issue : 1   |  Page : 1-8  

Phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Fumaria parviflora Lam.

Mohammad Jameel, Abuzer Ali and Mohammed Ali

Correspondence Address:Phytochemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi- 110062, India

Source of Support: , Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-4040.197331

Abstract  

Fumaria parviflora Lam. (Fumariaceae) is a small, branched, annual herb found in Europe, Asia, and Africa and in many parts of the world including Middle East and South Asia. Its aerial parts are used to treat gastrointestinal and respiratory tract disorders like diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, indigestion and asthma. Phytochemical investigation of its aerial parts led to the isolation of three new chemical compounds characterized as n-propyl-3,4-dioxymethylene benzene, 5ß, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10ß-hexahydrocoumarin and 2,6- dimethyl dodecan-10-oyl-12,15-olide along with n-tetradecanyl n-octadec-9-enoate, propanyl triol- 3, 2- n-dioctadecanoyl-1-n-octadeca-9',12'-dienoate, and n-tetradecanyl n-octadec-9,12-dienoate. The structures of these phytoconstituents have been established on the basis of spectral data analysis and chemical reactions.

Keywords: Fumaria parviflora Lam., Methanolic extract, Phytochemical, Analytical markers

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