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2014 2 3 72-79
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9   |  Issue : 4   |  Page : 49-71  

A review of screening tools used for the assessment of appropriateness of prescription’s among elderly patients

Mandavi Kashyap, Muhammad Zahid Iqbal

Correspondence Address:AIMST University, Malaysia

Source of Support: , Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-4040.197331


Inappropriate medication use in elderly population has long been an issue of healthcare quality along with over and under use of medication. Several factors like increasing age, availability of new classes of drugs, and changes in physicians prescribing habits contributed to changes in the drug use patterns among elderly. The assessment of the appropriateness of prescription in elderly is an essentially complex task and the health researchers have identified various cases of inappropriate drug use in the elderly in several countries. Different screening tools were prepared for the assessment of appropriateness of prescription and some of them are being used for assessment of appropriateness of prescription. In this perspective, the Beer’s Criteria is one of the most commonly used tools. None of the tools in its original contour is applicable to any country as there are differences in the pharmaceutical market of different countries, their prescribing patterns, diseases characteristics, physician areas and most of all, the patient’s characteristics. This review explains advantages and limitations of all available different screening tools that can significantly improve elderly pharmacotherapy. The author believes that this review will highlight the requirement of modification of tools with respect to real time practice in terms of country specific prescribing behavior to avoid inappropriate prescription.

Keywords: Elderly, Beers criteria, Inappropriateness, Screening tools

How to cite this article:
Kanke PK, Pathan IB, Jadhav A, Usman MRM. Formulation and evaluation of febuxostat nanoemulsion for transdermal drug delivery. J Pharm BioSci 2021;9(4):49-71

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