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Original Article
Year : 2018   |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 36-39

To study the antidandruff activity of rosemary oil, basil oil, coleus oil over selenium sulfide

Dandruff is caused by Malassezia (Pityrosporum) species. Dandruff is controlled by fungistatic ingredients in Antidandruff shampoos. Comparative study on the effectiveness of chemical and herbal antidandruff ingredients and their performance in shampoos was done in vitro against Malassezia furfur. Selenium Sulfide has a good antidandruff activity along with the chemical ingredients. Herbal ingredients such as rosemary oil, basil oil, and coleus oil also have an antidandruff activity, but their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values are much more than the synthetic ingredients. Essential oils can be great allies in the fight against fungi/dandruff. Most of the essential oils are excellent antibacterial and antifungal treatment making an excellent fighter against dandruff. The antifungal activities of essential oils and synthetic chemical, i.e., selenium sulfide were analyzed towards M. furfur. The data obtained indicated that rosemary essential oil exhibited the strongest inhibitory activities. MIC of rosemary oil against M. furfur was at 0.5%. Basil oil is also possessed considerable antifungal activity, and MIC of Basil oil against M. furfur was at 0.7%. Coleus essential oil exhibited the minimum inhibitory activity at 0.9% while that of selenium sulfide possessed considerably lower antifungal activity than these essential oils and was measured at 2.5%.The results of MICs revealed that the rosemary, basil, and coleus essential oils exhibited the best antifungal activities toward M. furfur than that of selenium sulfide.
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